Reserve Bank of India’s defence of rupee depletes forex by $1.90 billion

RBI's defence of rupee depletes forex by $1.90 billion

The central bank’s attempts to arrest the fall in the rupee’s value due to domestic political uncertainty and a strengthening US dollar drained $1.90 billion from India’s foreign exchange (Forex) kitty, experts said on Saturday.

Overall, the Forex reserves stood at $351.73 billion for the week ended November 6.

“The plunge in the reserves can be attributed to the attempt’s by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to stem the fall in rupee value and maintain the currency in its comfort zone,” Anindya Banerjee, associate vice president for currency derivatives with Kotak Securities, told IANS.

“The need for the defending the rupee, arose due to strengthening of US dollar on the account of heightened chances of a US Fed sponsored rate hike. This had flared up volatility in rupee value.”

According to Banerjee, the RBI is comfortable with the rupee ranging anywhere between 65-67 to a US dollar mark. Anything beyond or below the limits provokes the central bank to intervene by either buying or selling the greenback.

India’s Forex kitty had appreciated by $2.09 billion to $353.63 billion for the week ended October 30.

The rupee had been on a downward trajectory during the week under review.

On a weekly basis, the rupee had weakened by 49 paise to 65.76 to a US dollar (November 6) from its previous close of 65.27 to a greenback (October 30).

The rupee was dented due to heavy outflows of foreign funds during the week ended November 6.

The foreign fund outflow was aggravated by investors’ anxiety over the Bihar poll outcome and heightened chances of a US rate hike.

The National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL) data showed that the FPIs (Foreign Portfolio Investors) sold Rs.2,455.83 crore or $376.63 million in equity and debt markets for the week ended November 6.

Stock exchanges figures showed that the FPIs sold stocks worth Rs.1,462.05 crore in the period under review.

In addition the weekly statistical supplement revealed that the foreign currency assets (FCAs) plunged by $2.40 billion to $327.73 billion in the week under review.

“Another reason for the depletion in the reserves was the strengthening of US dollar by around 2 per cent against Pound, Yen and Euro. The Euro had major falls during the week under review,” Banerjee added.

The FCA constitutes the largest component of India’s Forex reserves. It consists of US dollars, major non-dollar currencies, securities and bonds bought abroad.

The Indian reserves consists of nearly 20-25 per cent of the non-dollar currencies. The individual movements of these currencies against the dollar impacts the overall reserve value.

“The FCA expressed in US dollar terms, include the effect of appreciation or depreciation of non-US currencies such as the pound sterling, euro and yen held in reserve,” the RBI was quoted in its statistical supplement.

Notwithstanding the general slide in the reserve value, the country’s gold reserves rose by $540 million to $18.69 billion during the week under review.

The country’s gold reserves had remained stagnant since week ended October 2. The gold reserve had risen by $116.5 million to $18.15 billion during the week ended October 2.

However, the special drawing rights (SDRs) in the week under review were lower by $27.5 million at $4.00 billion.

Furthermore, the country’s reserve position with theInternational Monetary Fund (IMF) slipped by $8.9 million to $1.29 billion.