- 1 According to the Harvard University’s Centre for International Development (CID) growth projections, “India has made inroads in diversifying its export base to include more complex sectors, such as chemicals, vehicles, and certain electronics.”
According to the Harvard University’s Centre for International Development (CID) growth projections, “India has made inroads in diversifying its export base to include more complex sectors, such as chemicals, vehicles, and certain electronics.”
There are various reasons behind this. Countries are divided into three basic categories:
- Countries with too few productive capabilities to easily diversify into related products
- Countries that have enough capabilities that make diversification and growth easier, which include India, Indonesia and Turkey
- Advanced countries such as Japan, Germany and the US that already produce nearly all existing products
Thus, any major progress will require pushing the world’s technological frontier by inventing new products — a process that implies slower growth.
Factors affecting the growth rate of China
The growth rate of China which was rapid earlier has now decreased because of the decline in its exports. According to the Harvard University’s Center for International Development (CID), China’s rapid growth rate over the past decade has narrowed the gap between its complexity and its income. China’s economic complexity ranking also falls four spots for the first time since the global financial crisis.
India on the rise
Elaborating further, Ricardo Hausmann, Director of Centre for International Development (CID) and Professor at the Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), said, “The major oil economies are experiencing the pitfalls of their reliance on one resource. India, Indonesia, and Vietnam have accumulated new capabilities that allow for more diverse and more complex production that predicts faster growth in the coming years.”
The CID is a university-wide centre that works to advance the understanding of development challenges and offer viable solutions to problems of global poverty.
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